Hammond Aircraft      Builder's Log - Wing Assembly

Click on any picture for a larger image.

Jump To:

Home Page
Builder Biography
Kitfox Information
Preparing to Build
The Tail
The Fuselage
The Wings
Fabric Covering
Instrument Panel
Cockpit Interior
Engine Installation
Transport Trailer
Alaska Flight
Building Tips
Download Page

Wing Assembly

The wings came partially assembled as part of the quick build option. The spars were already mounted within the wing ribs. Most of the false ribs were attached. Primary construction duties in this phase of the project consist of attaching mounting hardware and mounting the wings (with struts) to the fuselage.

I built two large trestles (sawhorses) to support the wing while it was being worked on. I also built a rotating wing stand which allows me to mount a wing at any angle of rotation for construction.


Preparing The Wing

Several pieces of hardware had to be fabricated and prepared prior to wing installation. Pictured here is one of four attach brackets which connect the lift struts to the spar. As you can see, there were a lot of rivet holes to drill in each bracket. This was complicated by the fact that the bracket was round and difficult to maneuver in the drill press. Skystar suggested that I tape the bracket over a piece of PVC pipe for ease in handling. It helped.

Some curved steel stock was provided in the kit to fabricate doublers for those points where the spar tubes will attach to the fuselage. These doublers were built and primed.

Lift Struts

The lift struts were attached to the spars while the wings were resting upside down on the trestles. At this point, the attach brackets are temporarily attached with hose clamps. This will allow me to properly adjust the wing position as I fine tune the rigging. A temporary brace of 2x4 was taped in position to help keep the lift strut in alignment. All mounting points have been reamed to proper dimensions, a relief cut was made in the rear spar to allow the wing to pivot and fold, and the wing is ready for initial installation.


Wings On

The Wings are Attached

Both wings have been initially attached. This was a two person job as the wings were a bit heavy and unwieldy for one. The placement must be carefully measured for proper wing sweep, dihedral, twist, and alignment before the final mounting holes are drilled.

Spar Reinforcement

The wings were carefully aligned and the final spar attach holes drilled. These holes require reinforcement with steel brackets due to the load that they will ultimately support. The steel tabs were formed, primed, match drilled, and fastened with epoxy and rivets. Air temperature on this day was above 90 degrees, so the epoxy had a tendency to set very quickly.

Spar Ends

Jury Struts

Jury Struts

Once all spar reinforcement was completed, the wings were reattached to the fuselage. Jury struts, which bridge the lift strut to the spar, were placed. This step required eight steel brackets to be fabricated and attached to the spars.

Butt Ribs

Butt ribs were attached to each side of the fuselage where the wing butts against (hence the name) when swung into the open position.

Butt Rib

Gas Tanks

Gas Tanks

The gas tanks were installed between the spars using a silicon based adhesive. All the fittings in the tank were sealed with Permatex #9. The fuel sight tubes were formed and cut to fit.

The partial rib and the false ribs were epoxied to the underside of the fuel tanks.

Trailing Edge

The aluminum trailing edge was placed behind the gas tanks. This strip was attached with epoxy and rivets. It will provide a rigid surface for the fabric attachment.

Trailing Edge

Sight Tube

Fuel Tank Sight Tube

Fuel level is determined from inside the cockpit by observing the level in a sight tube. The tube was fabricated out of plastic and installed in the tank fittings.

Flaperon Assembly

The flaperons are the control surfaces which control roll. During fabrication, I riveted the trailing edge with my hand rivet squeezer.

The outside tip of the flaperon was given a rounded profile by shaping foam and coating it with structural epoxy. The inside tip is where the control horn was attached. Mass balance wieghts were attached to overcome any tendency for aerodynamic flutter.




The wingtips are made of fiberglass. They were cut to fit and made removable by the intallation of a metal flange as an attach point. The tips are secured to the wing with screws which attach to nutplates mounted on the flange.

A landing light is being installed inn the left wingtip. The leading edge of the tip was removed to accomodate a lens. The light bracket resides inside the wing tip.

Navigation lights and strobe lights are located on the end of the wingtip. A fiberglass blister was attached to provide a mounting surface.

Speed Fairings

After the first 20 hours of flight testing, I decided to add the PVC fairings to the lift struts. Their purpose is to streamline the round tubing and reduce drag. Installation consisted of trimming, glue application, and snapping into place.

The fairings resulted in about 8 mph increase in speed!


Wing Root

Wing Root Covers

The junction of the wing root and the windshield was finally covered at 100 hours. It really smoothes the transition. Why did it take me so long? I guess that I was having too much fun flying to take the time for the remaining cosmetic touches.

© 2013 Three Guys Cable, Parker Colorado, USA